Raspberry Pi – Setting up Wi-Fi (Edimax)
Those who wish to wirelessly connect their Raspberry Pi to a network are faced with choosing the right Wi-Fi adapter. Depending on the adapter, set-up is either very easy or associated with considerable effort and potential complications. The reasons for this are the various chipsets that come with different Wi-Fi adapters. Problems particularly arise with completely new chipsets for which the Linux kernel does not yet provide a driver or for which a Linux driver does not even exist yet.
Recommendation Wi-Fi adapter
After having used many different Wi-Fi adapters on my Raspberry Pi at both greater and lesser expense, two personal favourites have emerged for me. The two Edimax Wi-Fi adapters are by far the easiest to set up:
|product name||power consumption||product price|
|EDIMAX EW-7811UN, 150 Mbit/s||0,5W||ca. 8 €|
|EDIMAX EW-7612UAn, 300 Mbit/s (mit ext. Antenne)||0,8W||ca. 20 €|
No additional driver required
Due to low power consumption, the Edimax adapters can be used directly on the Raspberry Pi without an additional active USB hub. Both Wi-Fi adapters are recognized and integrated automatically because the kernel already has the appropriate driver (RTL8192CU) installed. After that, all that remains is the configuration of the wireless network.
Wi-Fi configuration under Raspbian
Raspbian recognizes he adapter as soon as it is inserted. You can check this easily by using the following command:
Subsequently, we can see that a Realtek Wi-Fi adapter was recognized and that the corresponding driver has loaded:
After the stick was recognized, a new network device should appear which can simply be verified by using ifconfig:
Deactivate power saving
Before establishing a wireless network connection, the Edimax driver’s power saving function should be deactivated, otherwise the connection will be interrupted during inactivity. To avoid this, a configuration file for the driver must be created:
sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/8192cu.conf
This file gets the following content:
options 8192cu rtw_power_mgnt=0 rtw_enusbss=0
Establish connection (DHCP)
In order to establish a connection with our wireless network, we must now edit the file /etc/network/interfaces:
$ sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces
and adapt its content:
auto lo iface lo inet loopback iface eth0 inet dhcp auto wlan0 allow-hotplug wlan0 iface wlan0 inet dhcp wpa-ap-scan 1 wpa-scan-ssid 1 wpa-ssid "YOUR-WIFI-NAME" wpa-psk "YOUR-WIFI-PASSWORD"
Finally, save the changes and restart the network service.
sudo service networking restart
Static IP address (optional)
If the Wi-Fi interface is to be assigned to a static IP address within the network, the file contents should look as follows:
auto lo iface lo inet loopback iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.0.24 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.0.1 auto wlan0 allow-hotplug wlan0 iface wlan0 inet static address 192.168.0.23 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.0.1 wpa-ap-scan 1 wpa-scan-ssid 1 wpa-ssid "YOUR-WIFI-NAME" wpa-psk "YOUR-WIFI-PASSWORD"
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